Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Treatment
The society has to grapple with numerous social problems. Juvenile delinquency is among the societal problems experienced in the contemporary scenario. This refers to the phenomenon of minors being active in criminal activities. This is a unique challenge since the individuals are below the stipulated age of adulthood. The problem is compounded with the actuality that the age of minors being arrested for various misdemeanors has dropped significantly over time. According to statistics, 60-80% of preadolescent and adolescents engage themselves in criminal activities. The minors are involved with lesser offences, which include underage smoking, and serious crimes like murder among others. This has necessitated the society to have approaches of handling such cases. This is essential since minors who are constantly engaged in criminal activity will take up this behavior to their adulthood. Therefore, for a progressive future, it is essential to develop strategies of delinquency prevention and treatment
In the society, there is a transition of all individuals from being a minor to adulthood. The changes experienced in the contemporary scenario have influenced this transition almost to extinction. This has influenced the development of children during their adolescent stage. Teenagers have become unclear of their role in the society due to the inconsistencies of the aforementioned transition.
In order for the issue of juvenile delinquency to be addressed, it is essential to have prevention and diagnostic approaches. In diagnoses, juvenile delinquents have various disorders. These disorders include antisocial personalities, and oppositional defiant disorders among others. These disorders can develop themselves during an individual’s childhood and manifest itself during adolescence. When the disorders are diagnosed, it will enable the stakeholders to handle the problem hence prevent future occurrences of juvenile delinquency. After diagnoses of the potential disorder, rehabilitation is essential when addressing the potential problems, which are resultant from the disorder. Considering prevention, it referrers to the efforts which prevent minors from participating in criminal activity. As aforementioned, juvenile delinquency is caused by numerous factors. This means that preventive measures should encompass a comprehensive scope. Some of the preventive measures, which can be employed in such a situation, include family counseling, education on substance abuse, educational support, mentoring and parental education. These approaches will address the various factors, which are influence negative delinquent behavior. In order for the efforts to treat and prevent juvenile delinquency to be successful, it is essential to involve all the stakeholders in the society. An inclusive approach will ensure that the problem is addressed effectively and that the gains are sustainable.